George Lane was the originator of the stochastic indicator in the 1970's. Lane observed that as prices increase in an up trend, closing prices tend to be closer to the upper end of bars and in a down trend closing prices tend to be nearer the lower end of bars. Lane developed stochastics to discern the relationship between the closing price and the high and low of a bar.
Typically used to identify overbought and oversold conditions the indicator consists of two lines: % K and %D. These two lines fluctuate in a vertical range between 0 and 100. Readings above 80 are considered overbought and readings below 20 are considered oversold.
Stochastics can also be use to generate buy and sell signals. When the faster %K line crosses above the slower %D line and the lines are below 20, a buy signal is generated. When the %K lines crosses below the %D line and the lines are above 80 a sell signal is generated.
My Own use Of Stochastics
Well, as usual just to be contrary to everyone else, I don't use the stochastic indicator to signal overbought or oversold although I do take note of the readings. I like to use it as possible buy and sell opportunities after defining a trend. If the trend is up as in the example below on the AUD (Australian Dollar) I like to only take buy signals regardless of the reading as long as the trend remains in place. I ignore the sell signals. I purposefully weaken the stochastics to give me more signals and I use 8,3,3 as my settings.
This gives more signals and shows the hand of the weaker players. The same is true of selling in a down trend.
I ignore the buy signals and only take the sell signals. I don't use the stochastic indicator by itself as trading method as all the settings I have tried ultimately resulted in to many whipsaws
Experiment with different settings and consider adding this indicator to your trading arsenal.
High Low Breakout Technique
This technique can be used for any market that has a decent daily range. If you look at any chart, what do you see?
You should see a succession of bars that are doing one of three things.
- Going up
- Going down
- Going sideways
Think about it. Today's bar, in all probability will make a higher high than yesterday's bar or a lower low than yesterday's bar.
Now, the question is - how much of a higher high or lower low will today achieve than yesterday?
In our next example, company XYZ had a range of 200 points (high minus the low) yesterday. Today the high might be 50 points higher than yesterday's high or 50 points lower than yesterday's low. If we can find the average daily distance between the high of yesterday's high to the high of today's bar and the average daily distance between the low of yesterday's bar and the low of today's bar, then we might have a trading opportunity.
Make yourself a little excel sheet or grab a pen and paper and start tracking the high and lows of each day. Then deduct the high of today from yesterday's high and the low of today from yesterday's low.
After you have a few day's worth of data you can get an average. On the excel sheet, below the first five columns are the date, open, high, low and close. "DR" is daily range, "TH-YH" is today's high minus yesterday's high and "YL-TL" is yesterday's low minus today's low. In the "TH-YH" column, I only record an entry if today's high is greater than yesterday's high and in the "YL-TL" I only record an entry if today's low is lower than yesterday's low. All pretty simple stuff.
OK, as you can see, the example of the GBP/USD (Pound/Dollar). The average breakout up was 54 pips and the average breakout down was 60 pips. The next thing to do is apply this knowledge to our trading.
On the 2nd September the high was 1.7972 and the low was 1.7864. We are looking for a breakout of either of these points. It doesn't matter which way. So on the 3rd September you mark the previous day's high and low and monitor what happens when it reaches these points.
The way I trade this setup is to wait for the market to test the low or high of the previous day and then pullback. I don't enter on a break of the previous day's high/low, I wait for a pullback of either a test of the high/low or a break of the high/low.
As you can see from the chart, the market came down and tested the low of 1.7864 and then pulled back. The low that was made was just a few pips lower than the previous day's low and formed a little support area. That support area is the breakout point.
You can place an entry order a couple of pips below the support area with a target of the average "YL-TL" as a target, which in this case was 60 pips. The stop is a bit more tricky. If the pullback is not too big you can place your stop just above the pullback area (resistance). If the distance is too great, then just use a Dollar stop.
You can even take this down to a 1 minute chart and scalp the market with a very tight stop. There are loads of ways to trade this setup. You could add some indicators for confirmation. You could use the entry as setup for a position trade. You could even concentrate on inside day's where the breakout might have a much larger range.
However you decide to trade it, at least take note of the previous day's high and low.